Engaging in research projects outside the classroom during undergraduate years is important.
The main goal for these early career researchers is to establish themselves and their teams as experts in their fields of research.
The emphasis during these years is on acquiring the fundamental knowledge to master scientific research or clinical discipline. An experienced mentor is critical to successful training.
Established researchers are focused on their independent research, and use their broad knowledge and scientific expertise to impact public health and society at large.
Research during this period is increasingly sophisticated and independent. The selection of a mentor during this period is very important for its impact on the researcher's future professional career.